Pest control refers to the act of regulation or management of species known as pests which are perceived to be dangerous to human health, the economy as well as the ecology. A person who specializes in pest control is known as an exterminator. Pest control helps in increases productivity in agriculture.
A pest can be a plant or an animal harmful to humans or human activities such as agriculture or livestock production. It can also be defined as an organism that causes nuisance and epidemic diseases which are associated with high mortality rate.
There are various methods of pest control. Poisoned bait is a method of pest control that aims at getting rid of rats. However, this approach is not that effective since other animals that were not targeted might end up being victims.
Trap cropping method of controlling pests work by attracting pests and diverting them from crops in a field. The pests become aggressive on the trap crop.
Filed burning is a traditional method of controlling pests even though few people still use it. It is mainly used to kill rodents, any eggs in the fields and harmful insects.
Another primary method used is the use of other animals to destroy the pests. For instance, cats can be used to keep rats away from grains storage areas. The cats scare away the rats and at times feed on them. Other methods could be used such as trapping the rats, poisoning them so as to kill as many rat pets as possible.
Biological pest control is another very effective method of getting rid of pests. This involves the use of predators and parasites to control pests. This process is also known as natural pest control. This method is advantageous as it doesn't have any harm to the environment.
Proper elimination of breeding ground is another effective way of controlling pests. This can be achieved but making sure waste is managed properly and draining the stagnant water. Garbage provide shelter and food for many unwelcome creatures. Proper waste management will reduce breeding of pests such as rats, mosquitoes, flies and cockroaches among others. To understand more about pest control, visit http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/453438/pest-control.
Mechanical pest control involves the use of manual or hands-on practices as well as simple devices and equipment that are meant to provide a protective barrier between plants and the pests. For instance, weeds can be controlled by having them uprooted.
Physical pest management is a method of getting rid of the pests by setting up barriers, attacking them, and by removing. The barriers are meant to prevent more destruction of the plants.